Web-Materials

 
List of Examples
1.1 Virial theorem 6
1.2 Energy of secondary bonding 19
1.3 Elastic modulus 20
1.4 Speed of sound in air 26
1.5 Specific heat capacity 27
1.6 Volume expansion coefficient 30
1.7 Mean and rms speeds of molecules 34
1.8 Noise in an RLC circuit 39
1.9 Atomic diffusion and the Boltzmann factor 42
1.10 The copper (FCC) crystal 48
1.11 Miller indices and planar concentration 53
1.12 Vacancy concentration in aluminum 59
1.13 Vacancy concentration in a semiconductor 60
1.14 The 60% Pb-40% Sn alloy 85
 
 
2.1 Probability of scattering per unit time and the mean free time 107
2.2 Electron drift mobility in metals 107
2.3 Drift velocity and mean speed 108
2.4 Temperature dependence of resistivity 110
2.5 Drift mobility and resistivity due to lattice vibration 110
2.6 Matthiessen's rule 117
2.7 Temperature coefficient of resistivity a and resisitivity index n 118
2.8 TCR at different reference temperatures 119
2.9 Temperature of the filamant of a light bulb 119
2.10 Nordheim's rule 123
2.11 Resistivity due to impurities 124
2.12 The resistivity-mixture rule 127
2.13 A component with dispersed air pores 127
2.14 Combined Nordheim and mixture rules 128
2.15 Hall-effect wattmeter 133
2.16 Hall mobility 133
2.17 Conduction electron concentration from the Hall effect 134
2.18 Thermal conductivity 138
2.19 Thermal resistance 140
2.20 Hall effect in semiconductors 142
2.21 Hall coefficient of intrinsic silicon 144
2.22 Conductivity of a soda-silicate glass 147
2.23 Drift mobility due to ionic conduction 147
2.24 Skin effect from dimensional analysis 150
2.25 Skin effect in an inductor 151
 
 
3.1 Energy of a blue photon 174
3.2 The photoelectric experiment 174
3.3 The free electron 181
3.4 Wavelength of an electron beam 181
3.5 Electron confined within atomic dimensions 186
3.6 Energy of an apple in a crate 186
3.7 The measurement time and the frequency of waves: an analogy with DE Dt > h 189
3.8 The uncertainty principle on the atomic scale 189
3.9 The uncertainty principle with macroscopic objects 190
3.10 Tunneling conduction through metal-to-metal contacts 195
3.11 Significance of a small h 196
3.12 Number of states with the same energy 199
3.13 Excitation by electron-atom collisions in a gas discharge tube 210
3.14 The ionization energy of He+ 211
3.15 The fraunhofer lines in the sun's spectrum 211
3.16 Giant atoms in space 212
3.17 Magnetic dipole moment of the electron 215
3.18 The number of states at an energy level 220
3.19 Hund's rule 222
3.20 Efficiency of the HeNe laser 228
3.21 Doppler-broadened linewidth 230
 
 
4.1 Hydrogen halide molecule (HF) 246
4.2 Metallic liquid hydrogen in Jupiter and its magnetic field 254
4.3 What makes a metal? 255
4.4 Fermi speed of conduction electrons in a metal 255
4.5 Cutoff wavelength of a Si photodetector 259
4.6 X-ray emission and the density of states in a metal 264
4.7 Density of states in a band 266
4.8 Total number of states in a band 267
4.9 Mean speed of conduction electrons in a metal 275
4.10 Conduction in silver 275
4.11 The thermocouple EMF 283
4.12 The thermocouple equation 283
4.13 Vacuum tubes 286
4.14 Field emission 290
4.15 Specific heat capacity 299
4.16 Lattice waves and sound velocity 300
 
 
5.1 Intrinsic concentration and conductivity of Si 334
5.2 Mean speed of electrons in the CB 335
5.3 Resistivity of intrinsic and doped Si 340
5.4 Compensation doping 341
5.5 The Fermi level in n- and p- type Si 342
5.6 Energy band diagram of an n-type semiconductor connected to a voltage supply 343
5.7 Saturation and intrinsic temperatures 347
5.8 Temperature dependence of the electron concentration 348
5.9 Compensation-doped Si 353
5.10 Photoresponse time 361
5.11 Photoconductivity 362
5.12 The Einstein relation 368
5.13 Diffusion coefficient of electrons in Si 369
5.14 Built-in potential due to doping variation 369
5.15 Infinitely long semiconductor illuminated at one end 375
5.16 Photoconductivity of a thin slab 378
5.17 Photogeneration in GaAs 378
5.18 The Schottky diode 387
5.19 The Peltier coefficient 392
5.20 Effective mass 401
5.21 Current due to a missing electron in the VB 402
 
 
6.1 The built-in potentials for Ge, Si, and GaAs pn junction 419
6.2 The p+n junction 420
6.3 Built-in voltage 421
6.4 Forward- and reverse-biased Si diode 432
6.5 The built-in voltage Vo from the energy band diagram 438
6.6 Incremental resistance and capacitance 441
6.7 Avalanche breakdown 445
6.8 A pnp transistor 453
6.9 Emitter injection efficiency g 454
6.10 CE low-frequency small-signal equivalent circuit 459
6.11 The JFET amplifier 469
6.12 The enhancement NMOSFET 476
6.13 A solar cell driving a resistive load 494
 
 
7.1 Electronic polarizability of a van der Waals solid 517
7.2 Electronic polarizability of covalent solids 518
7.3 Ionic and electronic polarizability 525
7.4 Debye equations 532
7.5 Dielectric loss per unit capacitance and the loss angle, d 532
7.6 Dielectric loss per unit capacitance 533
7.7 Dielectric loss and frequency 533
7.8 Field inside a thin dielectric within a second dielectric 538
7.9 Gauss's law within a dielectric and free charges 539
7.10 Dielectric breakdown in a coaxial cable 548
7.11 Dielectric loss and equivalent circuit of a polyester capacitor at 1 kHz 556
7.12 Piezoelectric spark generator 562
7.13 The quartz crystal its equivalent circuit 565
7.14 Quartz crystal and its inductance 565
7.15 A pyroelectric radiation detector 570
 
 
8.1 Ampere's law and the inductance of a toroidal coil 597
8.2 Magnetostatic energy per unit volume 598
8.3 Saturation magnetization in iron 607
8.4 Energy dissipated per unit volume and the hysteresis loop 620
8.5 An inductor with a ferrite core 625
8.6 (BH)max for a permanent magnet 629
8.7 Superconducting solenoids 638
 
 
9.1 Relative permittivity and refractive index 668
9.2 GaAs dispersion relation 672
9.3 Group velocity 674
9.4 Group and phase velocities 675
9.5 Reflection of light from a less dense medium (internal reflection) 686
9.6 Reflection at normal incidence. Internal and external reflection 687
9.7 Antireflection coatings on solar cells 688
9.8 Dielectric mirrors 689
9.9 Complex refractive index 693
9.10 Rayleigh scattering limit 701
9.11 Quartz half-wave plate 711
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Principles of Electronic Materials and Devices, Second Edition - S. O. Kasap